Acoustic Neuroma – Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments

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Acoustic neuroma could be difficult to detect and diagnose since symptoms can take years to manifest and are often like other middle ear problems. The first symptoms of this condition would be ipsilateral sensorineural loss of hearing or deafness, gait change, disturbed sense of balance, vertigo with associated nausea, ear nausea and pressure. Tinnitus is also a common symptoms characterized by over 80% of patients that’s characterized by unilateral highpitched ringing ears.

A little tumor can be known as Mortons neuroma since it remains within the bony internal auditory artery which will produce symptoms like hearing loss, tinnitus, nausea or vertigo.

A medium-sized tumor expands into the brain cavity without even pressing the brain that can produce symptoms like greater hearing loss, headaches along with vertigo, facial tingling, reduced eye sensation and difficulty balancing.

There are lots of diagnostic tools to support acoustic neuroma after noticing the signs and symptoms. Computed Tomography or CT scan of the mind should be able to demonstrate the existence of tumors larger than 2 centimeters in diameter and then projecting over 1.5 centimeters in to the cerebellopontine angle. Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI may also detect growths. Audiology and vestibular tests will check the severity of hearing loss during air conduction and bone conduction.

If the cyst remains small or growth is very slow with no signs or symptoms, then the physician might opt to track the patient regularly only to prefer different alternatives if the condition becomes worse. Imaging and hearing tests will be done regularly as scheduled by a doctor to constantly check any indications of progress.

Total or partial microsurgical removal identifies to removing the tumor by creating an embryo in the patient’s skull. This is just a favorite option if the tumor is getting large and pressing on the brain. Radiation involves radiation beams being directed and implemented on the tumor site. This is useful if the patient does not like having a skull incision. The consequences take longer as well and do not damage tissues. The risk of surgery and radiation is permanent hearing loss.

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